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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Wealth Inequality (Problem and Solution)

Updated: Dec 15, 2023


Many people say the gap between rich and poor people is wider, as rich people become richer and poor people grow poorer.


What problems could this situation cause and what measures can be done to address those problems?


SAMPLE ESSAY:


Nowadays, wealth disparity is a common phenomenon and this issue tends to worsen as the gap between the haves and have-nots is being increasingly widened. In the following essay, the consequences of this problem will be examined, and some measures will be suggested with a view to resolving it.


There are various challenges that wealth inequality can pose to the development of a nation. Firstly, this issue can fuel social unrest and political instability , as the poor may feel indignant with the concentrated material power of the rich, as well as the government’s favoritism towards them. To illustrate, the Poor’s People Campaign, a political demonstration, was held by the American lower classes in 1968 to aggressively call for the authorities' solutions to the lack of basic needs among them. Secondly, most of the disadvantaged do not have sufficient access to quality medical and educational services. Thus, the mortality and unemployment rates among this group have risen considerably in recent years, placing a burden on the economic progress of a country.


Taking the above problems into account, a variety of measures should be taken by the governing bodies to curb the increase in wealth inequality. Most obviously, they can raise the taxes incurred by the upper classes and subsequently invest these huge sums of money in upgrading the public infrastructure , such as public transportation and sewage treatment facilities, which serves the masses . Furthermore, numerous social welfare programs could be introduced to help the people in need with free healthcare assistance, hygienic water and food provision together with access to formal education. If these solutions are extensively and properly applied, the living standards of the underprivileged will likely be significantly improved, contributing to a narrowed gap between them and the wealthy in society.


In conclusion, wealth disparity can lead to several problems in relation to social instability and shortages of basic life needs among the poor. In order to address these issues, the authorities could impose increased taxes on the upper classes’ income and conduct more social welfare programs aimed at the disadvantaged.



 

VOCABULARY

  • wealth disparity / inequality (n): sự chênh lệch giàu nghèo

  • the haves and have-nots (phrase): những người giàu và những người nghèo

  • social unrest (n): bất ổn xã hội

  • political instability (n): bất ổn chính trị

  • indignant (adj): căm phẫn, phẫn nộ

  • concentrated material power (n): đặc quyền kinh tế tập trung

  • favoritism (n): sự thiên vị

  • the disadvantaged / underprivileged (n): những người có hoàn cảnh khó khăn

  • burden (n): gánh nặng

  • curb (v): kiềm chế

  • incur (v): gánh chịu (một khoản tiền, chi phí)

  • public infrastructure (n): cơ sở hạ tầng công cộng

  • the masses (n): công chúng

  • social welfare program (n): chương trình phúc lợi xã hội


 

BRAINSTORMING


Body 1: The problems of increased wealth inequality in society

  • Anger from the poor towards rich people’s power and the government → social and political instability – for example, the Poor’s People Campaign held in 1968 fought for poor Americans’ basic needs

  • Most poor people cannot access quality medical and educational services → increased mortality and unemployment rates among them → a burden on the national economic progress


Body 2: The solutions to increased wealth inequality in society

  • The government can increase taxes on rich people’s income and spend this money on upgrading public infrastructure (e.g. public transportation and waste treatment facilities) for the masses

  • The government could also introduce social welfare programs which provide the poor with free healthcare services, clean water and food provision as well as access to formal education



 

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