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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Space Travel (Positive or Negative Development?)

Updated: Feb 28


Space travel has been possible for some time and some people believe that space tourism could be developed in the future.


Do you think it is a positive or negative development? (28/10/2023)


SAMPLE ESSAY:


In recent decades, significant advancements in science and technology have made space travel increasingly accessible, raising the prospect of future space tourism. Personally, I contend that it is an adverse development due to the consequential environmental risks and social inequalities.


On the one hand, proponents of space tourism argue that it promises numerous benefits. Firstly, the exploration of outer space has historically yielded valuable scientific knowledge , which can lead to breakthroughs with practical applications benefiting the general public. For example, the development of the Global Positioning System (GPS) was a direct outcome of space exploration, demonstrating the possibility for space travel to drive innovation . Additionally, the space tourism industry has the potential to create jobs and stimulate economic growth , particularly in regions with spaceports and related infrastructure. This economic boost can bolster local communities and contribute to overall national prosperity.


On the other hand, I firmly believe that space tourism represents a negative trend due to the significant environmental and social challenges it poses. On the environmental front, the carbon emissions and ecological impact of rocket launches and spacecraft manufacturing are substantial and challenging to mitigate . Such activities may contribute to air pollution and worsen the global climate crisis, making space tourism an unsustainable goal in its current form. Furthermore, the enormous financial resources required for space tourism development could divert funding from critical global issues such as poverty alleviation, healthcare, and food security. This prioritization of space tourism over pressing social concerns would unfairly enable wealthier individuals to indulge in space travel while neglecting the needs of the disadvantaged .


In summary, while space tourism presents opportunities for scientific advancements and economic growth, I argue that the potential harm it poses to the environment and the perpetuation of social inequalities make it a negative development.



 

VOCABULARY

  • adverse (adj) = tiêu cực

  • proponent (n) = người ủng hộ

  • yield valuable scientific knowledge (phrase) = mang lại những kiến thức khoa học giá trị

  • breakthrough (n) = bước đột phá

  • drive innovation (phrase) = thúc đẩy sự đổi mới

  • stimulate economic growth (phrase) = kích thích tăng trưởng kinh tế

  • bolster (v) = thúc đẩy

  • carbon emissions (phrase) = lượng khí thải carbon

  • substantial (adj) = to lớn, đáng kể

  • be challenging to mitigate (phrase) = khó kiểm soát

  • unsustainable goal (phrase) = mục tiêu không bền vững

  • divert funding from critical global issues (phrase) = hướng nguồn tài trợ ra khỏi các vấn đề toàn cầu quan trọng

  • indulge in sth (phrase) = thỏa mãn một sở thích nào đó

  • neglect the needs of the disadvantaged (phrase) = phớt lờ nhu cầu thiết yếu của những người có hoàn cảnh khó khăn

  • perpetuation (n) = sự tiếp diễn


 

BRAINSTORMING


Personal opinion: Space tourism is a negative development


Body 1: The potential benefits of space tourism

  • Space exploration helps bring valuable scientific knowledge and practical breakthroughs (e.g. GPS) that benefit the public

  • Space tourism can boost the economy and create jobs, particularly in regions with spaceports → prosperity for local communities and the entire country

Body 2: The potential drawbacks of space tourism + my personal opinion

  • Space tourism could lead to significant carbon emissions and environmental impacts → worsening global climate issues

  • The huge financial resources needed for space tourism may divert funds from urgent social concerns like poverty, healthcare, and food security → benefits for the rich while disadvantages for the poor



 

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