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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Space Exploration (Discussion Question)

Some people think governments should spend money looking for life on other planets, while others think that it is a waste of money as there are many unsolved problems on earth. 

Discuss both views and give your own opinion. (18/01/2024) 


The allocation of government funds has been a topic of ongoing debate. Some argue that resources should be directed towards space exploration and the search for extraterrestrial life, while others believe that addressing terrestrial issues should be the priority. I personally lean towards  the latter view, believing that our main focus should be on resolving Earth’s problems.

On the one hand, proponents of space exploration argue that it is essential for the advancement of human knowledge. The potential discovery of life on other planets could revolutionize  human understanding of biology and the universe, challenging existing theories of evolution  and offering insights into the adaptability  of life forms in extreme conditions. Moreover, the technological innovations  required for such exploration often have practical applications on our planet. The development of GPS technology serves as a prime example, which was initially designed for space missions but is now used by millions of people around the world for navigation.

On the other hand, critics argue that immediate concerns such as climate change, poverty, and healthcare should be prioritized as they have direct and immediate impacts on human well-being. Redirecting the billions of dollars allocated to Mars missions, for instance, towards renewable energy projects or healthcare infrastructure could yield immense societal benefits , contributing to an improved quality of life globally. Another reason for their objection  is the morality of investing substantially in space exploration when many individuals are still enduring hardship . They argue that governments have a responsibility to prioritize the well-being of most citizens over speculative endeavors  that might benefit only a small fraction of the population.

In conclusion, while the search for life on other planets can bring about groundbreaking discoveries , I firmly believe that it is more important to focus on solving the problems of our own planet to ensure a sustainable and thriving future.



  • extraterrestrial >< terrestrial (adj) = ngoài Trái Đất >< thuộc Trái Đất 

  • lean towards sth (phrasal verb) = nghiêng về một ý kiến, lĩnh vực hay hoạt động nào đó 

  • revolutionize (v) = cách mạng hóa

  • theories of evolution (phrase) = những thuyết tiến hóa 

  • offer insights into sth (phrase) = mang đến sự hiểu biết về một chủ đề nào đó

  • adaptability (n) = khả năng thích nghi 

  • technological innovations (phrase) = những đổi mới công nghệ

  • yield immense societal benefits (phrase) = mang lại những lợi ích xã hội to lớn 

  • objection (n) = sự phản đối 

  • endure hardship (phrase) = gánh chịu nhiều khó khăn 

  • speculative endeavors (phrase) = những dự án mông lung 

  • groundbreaking discoveries (phrase) = những phát hiện đột phá 



Personal opinion: Investing significantly in finding life on other planets is wasteful and governments should direct this investment towards addressing other unsolved problems on Earth 

Body 1: Arguments in favor of huge investments in finding life on other planets 

  • Finding life on other planets could change how we understand biology and the universe, challenging what we already know about evolution and different life forms.

  • The technologies particularly developed for space exploration, like GPS, can also benefit people on Earth.

Body 2: Arguments against huge investments in finding life on other planets + my personal opinion

  • Urgent issues like climate change and healthcare need to be prioritized because they directly impact people (e.g. using the money spent on Mars missions for things like renewable energy or better healthcare would help improve the global quality of life)

  • It may be morally wrong to spend so much on space when many people are still struggling – governments should take care of most people first, instead of investing in risky projects that might only help a few


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