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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Long Commutes (Causes and Solutions Question)

Updated: Apr 19


People spend too much time traveling to work or school. 


What are the reasons? How can we solve this problem? (30/03/2024)


SAMPLE ESSAY:


The issue of excessive commuting time has emerged as a significant concern in today’s fast-paced world. This essay will explore the underlying causes of this trend and suggest potential strategies to mitigate its effects on individuals and society.


Urbanization and population growth stand as primary factors contributing to increased commuting times. As cities grow, employment and educational opportunities tend to centralize, necessitating  longer commutes  for residents. In sprawling metropolises  like Tokyo or Mumbai, for instance, it is not uncommon for individuals to spend several hours daily in transit , battling through traffic jams  or overcrowded public transport to reach their destinations. Moreover, the absence of efficient transportation infrastructure, particularly in developing nations, often forces commuters to rely heavily on personal vehicles, exacerbating traffic congestion  and prolonging  travel durations.


In order to tackle this challenge, investing in public transportation infrastructure is crucial. Governments should prioritize funding to upgrade and expand public transit systems , introducing sustainable alternatives such as metro lines  or dedicated bus lanes . For example, Seoul’s extensive subway network serves as a testament to  how such investments can significantly reduce commute times and ease road congestion. Furthermore, encouraging telecommuting and flexible work schedules can play a pivotal role in reducing the necessity for daily travel. By implementing these telework policies, employers enable staff to work remotely on certain days, thereby diminishing commute times, boosting productivity, and enhancing job satisfaction.


In summary, the primary causes of prolonged commutes largely stem from  urban expansion and subpar  transport systems. However, by channeling resources into public transit development and fostering telecommuting practices, authorities and businesses can effectively resolve these issues, thus promoting smoother movement of traffic and citizens.



 

VOCABULARY

  • necessitate sth (v) = đòi hỏi, yêu cầu điều gì đó 

  • commute (n) = việc di chuyển hàng ngày từ nơi ở đến nơi làm việc 

  • sprawling metropolises (phrase) = những đô thị rộng lớn 

  • transit (n) = quá trình di chuyển từ nơi này đến nơi khác

  • traffic jam / congestion (phrase) = ùn tắc giao thông 

  • exacerbate (v) = làm trầm trọng thêm 

  • prolong (v) = kéo dài 

  • public transit system (phrase) = hệ thống giao thông công cộng 

  • metro line (phrase) = tuyến tàu điện ngầm 

  • dedicated bus lane (phrase) = làn đường dành riêng cho xe buýt 

  • serve as a testament to sth (phrase) = là minh chứng cho thấy điều gì đó 

  • telecommuting (n) = làm việc từ xa 

  • stem from sth (phrasal verb) = bắt nguồn từ điều gì đó 

  • subpar (adj) = kém chất lượng 



 

BRAINSTORMING


Body 1: The reasons for long commutes to work or school

  • As cities are expanding, jobs and schools tend to centralize far away from where people live → more commute time (e.g. Tokyo and Mumbai)

  • Poor transportation in some developing countries forces people to rely on their own cars → traffic congestion and longer commutes


Body 2: The solutions to long commutes to work or school

  • Governments should invest in better public transport systems, like subways and buses → reduced traffic congestion and commute time (e.g. Seoul)

  • Companies could allow their employees to work from home sometimes to reduce the need for daily commutes



 

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