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IELTS Writing Task 2 - History (Discussion Question)


Some people think history has nothing or little to tell us, but others think that studying the past history can help us better understand the present.


Discuss both views and give your opinion.


SAMPLE ESSAY:


Some individuals argue that history does not convey significant value or meaning to contemporary life while others maintain that it greatly contributes to broadening humans’ knowledge about the present. Personally, I agree with the latter statement and will discuss both viewpoints in the following essay.


On the one hand, there are numerous rationales behind the belief that history is irrelevant to present life. Firstly, a series of technological advances nowadays have ushered in an increasingly modernized world which is a far cry from the past one. Consequently, learning the past history could potentially prove worthless because it bears little relation to today’s technological and scientific development globally. Secondly, history is not an entirely objective subject as it is based on various perspectives from different countries and regions. As a result, some historical information may be subjectively distorted or concealed , rendering it less valuable in meaning.


On the other hand, I firmly believe that historical knowledge can help facilitate people’s understanding of the current world, especially technological and scientific progress, by providing the origins of such advancements. For instance, by studying the past discovery of electricity, one can grasp how modern complex devices and machines function utilizing this form of energy. Furthermore, history may also help youngsters profoundly understand their country’s roots, how it has evolved over the course of time and its indigenous cultures which still last until now. This, in turn, can promote a strong sense of belonging and pride among citizens in their own national identity.


In conclusion, despite the assumption that history cannot impart useful information which is relevant to life nowadays, I still hold a strong view that the study of it can shape a better understanding of the present among people for the reasons mentioned above.



 

VOCABULARY

  • convey (v): truyền tải

  • contemporary (adj): đương thời

  • broaden one’s knowledge (phrase): mở rộng kiến thức

  • usher sth <-> in (phrasal verb): mở ra một thời kỳ quan trọng

  • to be a far cry from sth (idiom): hoàn toàn khác so với cái gì

  • distort (v): bóp méo (sự thật, thông tin,...)

  • conceal (v): che giấu

  • grasp (v): thấu hiểu

  • utilize (v): tận dụng

  • profoundly (adv): một cách sâu sắc

  • indigenous (adj): bản xứ, bản địa

  • a sense of belonging and pride (n): cảm giác gắn kết và tự hào

  • impart (v): truyền đạt, phổ biến


 

BRAINSTORMING


Body 1:

The reasons why history is believed to be meaningless to present life

  • Today’s world is becoming more and more modern thanks to technological advances → history may seem worthless because it is not closely related to current technological and scientific development

  • History is subjective as there are various perspectives on historical events from different nations and regions → these may be considered to have less value in meaning

Body 2:

The reasons why history is believed to help people understand the present better + personal opinion: Agree

  • History provides the origins of past technological and scientific progress → people’s understanding of the current world can be facilitated – for instance, learning about the discovery of electricity can help one fully understand how modern devices function using this energy

  • History can help youth track their country’s roots, its evolution over time and its existing indigenous cultures → a sense of belonging and pride in national identity can be strengthened among them



 

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