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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Free Education (Agree or Disagree Question)

Updated: Dec 20, 2023

The best way to reduce poverty in developing countries is by giving up to six years of free education, so that they can at least read, write and use numbers.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? (12/08/2023)


As poverty is taking a heavy toll on the socio-economic growth of several underdeveloped countries, some individuals propose free formal schooling for up to six years as the primary solution to this problem. Personally, I concur with this viewpoint and will offer my opinion in the following essay. Admittedly, there are various drawbacks of providing free foundational schooling to cope with poverty, chief among which are limited resources and neglect of underlying structural issues . Regarding the former, many developing countries are confronted with different financial challenges due to economic stagnation . As a result, allocating resources for up to six years of free education might place a heavier burden on government budgets and divert funds from other critical sectors such as healthcare, infrastructure and services. As for the latter, although education is indeed crucial to overall social development, poverty reduction should require a comprehensive approach which addresses numerous major causes of poverty such as unemployment, crime, or unequal wealth distribution.

However, given the potentially positive impacts of free formal education, I strongly believe that it could help break the vicious cycle of poverty in some underdeveloped nations. Firstly, by receiving free education for up to six years, individuals from impoverished backgrounds can acquire essential skills and knowledge that enable them to pursue higher education or vocational training. This, in turn, can lead to better job prospects and higher incomes for workers, contributing to national economic growth. Secondly, the provision of free schooling could benefit households in marginalized communities by saving their budget for other necessities such as food or medical care. Such economic aid would improve their living conditions and consequently help reduce poverty.

In conclusion, despite the financial constraints and lack of a holistic approach that may come with giving six years of free education, I still hold that this initiative should be widely implemented for its positive influences on the economic growth of developing countries.



  • take a (heavy) toll on sth (idiom) = gây thiệt hại (nặng nề) cho cái gì đó

  • socio-economic growth (phrase) = sự phát triển kinh tế xã hội

  • concur (v) = đồng ý

  • neglect of underlying structural issues (phrase) = việc bỏ qua các vấn đề mấu chốt khác

  • formal education / schooling (phrase) = giáo dục chính quy

  • be confronted with sth (phrase) = đối mặt với điều gì đó

  • economic stagnation (phrase) = sự đình trệ kinh tế

  • place a burden on sb / sth (phrase) = đặt gánh nặng lên ai đó / cái gì đó

  • vicious cycle (phrase) = vòng luẩn quẩn

  • impoverished background (phrase) = hoàn cảnh nghèo khó

  • marginalized communities (phrase) = những cộng đồng bị cách ly, đối xử bất công

  • a holistic approach (phrase) = cách tiếp cận toàn diện



The best way to reduce poverty in developing countries is by giving up to six years of free education + personal opinion: Agree

Body 1: The disadvantages to providing six years of free education

  • Developing countries often face limited resources → providing free education could strain government budgets and take away funds from other important sectors

  • Providing free education may not be enough to reduce poverty as a more holistic approach is needed to address underlying causes like unemployment or crime

Body 2: The advantages to providing six years of free education + my personal opinion

  • Giving free education for up to six years can help people from poor backgrounds learn important skills and knowledge → better job prospects and higher income for workers → national economic growth

  • Offering free schooling can help marginalized communities save money on things like food and healthcare → improved living conditions and reduced poverty


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