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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Disease Prevention (Agree or Disagree Question)

Some people say in order to prevent illness and disease, governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?


In contemporary society, the debate over the most effective measures to prevent illness and disease has intensified. While I understand why some argue that governmental efforts should primarily target reducing environmental pollution and addressing housing problems, I believe they should not be the sole focus of governmental action.

On the one hand, reducing environmental pollution and improving housing conditions can yield significant health benefits . Air pollution, primarily caused by vehicular emissions  and industrial activities, has been linked to respiratory diseases  such as asthma  and lung cancer. By implementing stringent regulations  on emissions and investing in cleaner energy sources, governments can significantly reduce the prevalence of such illnesses. Similarly, addressing housing problems such as overcrowded and unsanitary  living environments can prevent the spread of infectious diseases like tuberculosis  and hepatitis . Initiatives like the Healthy Homes program in New Zealand have successfully reduced instances of such illnesses by addressing issues like dampness and mold in housing. 

However, I argue that solely focusing on environmental pollution and housing problems may overlook  other critical determinants of public health. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviors, such as poor diet and lack of exercise, also contribute significantly to chronic diseases  like diabetes  and heart conditions. This is why governments should implement education and intervention programs to promote healthy behaviors and empower  individuals to make informed choices regarding their health. Furthermore, addressing inaccessibility to healthcare services is essential for ensuring equitable health outcomes. Even if environmental pollution is reduced and housing conditions improve, individuals from marginalized communities  may still face barriers to accessing healthcare due to financial and geographical constraints . By prioritizing healthcare infrastructure expansion and implementing policies that remove financial barriers to healthcare access, governments can address underlying health disparities and promote overall public health.

In conclusion, while addressing environmental pollution and housing problems is absolutely crucial, I contend that governments should also consider other determinants of public health, such as unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and healthcare accessibility, to adopt a more comprehensive approach towards disease prevention.



  • yield significant health benefits (phrase) = mang lại những lợi ích sức khỏe to lớn

  • vehicular emissions (phrase) = khí thải từ phương tiện giao thông

  • respiratory diseases (phrase) = các bệnh về đường hô hấp 

  • asthma (n) = bệnh hen suyễn 

  • implement stringent regulations (phrase) = thực hiện các quy định nghiêm ngặt 

  • unsanitary (adj) = không hợp vệ sinh

  • tuberculosis (n) = bệnh lao phổi 

  • hepatitis (n) = bệnh viêm gan 

  • overlook (v) = bỏ qua 

  • chronic diseases (phrase) = các bệnh mãn tính

  • diabetes (n) = bệnh tiểu đường 

  • empower sb to do sth (phrase) = thúc đẩy ai đó làm việc gì đó

  • equitable (adj) = công bằng 

  • marginalized communities (phrase) = những cộng đồng bị cách ly, đối xử bất công

  • financial and geographical constraints (phrase) = những hạn chế về tài chính và địa lý 



Governments should focus on reducing environmental pollution and housing problems to prevent illness and disease + personal opinion: Disagree

Body 1: The importance of addressing environmental pollution and housing problems to disease prevention

  • Air pollution from cars and factories can cause diseases like asthma and lung cancer → governments can help reduce these illnesses by making strict rules for emissions and using cleaner energy

  • Improving housing conditions, like fixing overcrowding and unsanitary living environments, can stop diseases like tuberculosis or hepatitis from spreading (e.g. New Zealand's Healthy Homes program)

Body 2: The equal importance of addressing other health problems to disease prevention + my personal opinion

  • Unhealthy habits like bad diet and lack of exercise also lead to diseases like diabetes and heart problems → governments should run programs to teach people about healthy habits and help them make good choices

  • Increasing access to healthcare is crucial as some people might still struggle financially and geographically even if pollution and housing problems are solved → governments should make more healthcare options available and remove financial barriers


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