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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Cyclists and car drivers (Problem and Solution Question)

Updated: Jan 25



Cyclists and car drivers sharing the same road might cause some problems. What are the problems? What could be done to solve those problems?


In many regions, it is very common to see bicycles and cars traverse in the same lane. This essay shall discuss the detrimental effects of bicycle driving and the possible solutions to ameliorating these impacts.


There are several issues associated with vehicular cycling. If cyclists and drivers travel on a shared road, they run a higher risk of being involved in fatal accidents due to the vehicles’ different sizes and speeds. In case of accidental collision, much larger and faster cars may cause grave injuries to bicyclists. Moreover, it is more difficult to maintain a smooth flow of traffic because drivers need to wait and give way to bikers, hence an increased possibility of traffic congestion and consequential road rage.


Certain measures can be employed to avoid the aforementioned problems. Roads with separate lanes should be built so that cars and bikes can run at their own speed and avoid interfering with each other’s traffic flow. Where lane division is not possible, it may help to enable bikes to join cars on a road only within a certain time frame, i.e. off-peak hours. Most importantly, traffic participants should be trained to perform safe driving in shared spaces. By doing this, they may be more self-assured when they engage in complex traffic situations.


In conclusion, vehicular cycling may increase the likelihood of fatal accidents and traffic jams. To mitigate these consequences, the government may consider constructing segregated lanes, imposing time restrictions and equipping citizens with sufficient knowledge about road safety.


NEW WORDS:

  • traverse (v): di chuyển

  • detrimental effect (n): hậu quả nghiêm trọng

  • ameliorate (v): cải thiện

  • fatal accident (n): tai nạn nghiêm trọng gây chết người

  • collision (n): va chạm

  • traffic congestion (n): kẹt xe

  • rage (n): giận dữ

  • employ (v): được sử dụng

  • self-assured (adj): tự tin

  • sufficient knowledge (n): kiến thức đủ


STRUCTURES:

  • run a (high) risk of sth

E.g. “If cyclists and drivers travel on a shared road, they run a higher risk of being involved in fatal accidents due to the vehicles’ different sizes and speeds.”

  • S + V, hence [noun phrase]

E.g. “It is more difficult to maintain a smooth flow of traffic because drivers need to wait and give way to bikers, hence an increased possibility of traffic congestion and consequential road rage.”

  • S + V so that S + V

E.g. “Roads with separate lanes should be built so that cars and bikes can run at their own speed and avoid interfering with each other’s traffic flow.”

  • Where S + V, it may + V

E.g. “Where lane division is not possible, it may help to enable bikes to join cars on a road only within a certain time frame, i.e. off-peak hours.”


BRAINSTORMING:

- Paragraph 1: issues with bikes and cars sharing roads

→ difference in size and speed → higher risk of deadly accidents → if there is a collision, there will be serious injuries to cyclists

→ drivers need to wait for bikes to pass → slow traffic flow and road rage

- Paragraph 2: measures to prevent issues in paragraph 1

→ separate lanes for cars and bikes → different types of vehicles can run at different speeds and do not interfere with each other.

→ set time limit for sharing roads → i.e. off-peak hours

→ drivers and riders are trained → stay calm and manage during traffic situations


COMMENTS:

This writing task 2 is estimated to be 7.0.

  • Lexical resources: the writer uses a range of uncommon vocabulary appropriately such as “traverse”, “collision”, “road rage”. Paraphrasing shows the writer’s flexibility and precision (from “drivers” and “cyclist” to “traffic participants”).

  • Grammatical range and accuracy: the writer uses a variety of complex structures while producing frequent error-free sentences

  • Task response: the essay addresses all parts of the task and presents a clear position throughout the response. However, some supporting ideas may need to extend a bit more. In paragraph 2, though relevant to the task, these ideas have not been explained in great detail but mostly listed and mentioned.

  • Coherence and cohesion: the writer uses a range of cohesive devices such as “moreover”, “hence”, “moreover” appropriately.

REMINDERS: You may have tons of ideas to answer the first question, yet it is challenging to arrange them in a logical way. You can refer to the BRAINSTORMING section to see how the writer develops his/her first body paragraph to achieve band 7 in Coherence and Cohesion.

*Bài viết là học liệu trong khoá học IELTS Inspiration 6.5+

Tìm hiểu thêm về khoá học IELTS Inspiration tại: https://www.ola.edu.vn/luyen-thi-ielts-ielts-inspiration


 

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