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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Salary (Discussion Question)

Updated: Jan 30

In many countries, a small number of people earn extremely high salaries. Some people believe that this is good for the country, but others think that governments should not allow salaries above a certain level.

Discuss both views and give your own opinion.


The disparity between the rich and the poor has been widening in many countries, with a few individuals earning huge incomes and many struggling to make ends meet . Some people argue that this is beneficial for the country, while others contend that governments should impose a limit on the maximum salary that anyone can earn. In this essay, I will explore both views before offering my personal opinion.

On the one hand, proponents contend that allowing individuals to earn exceptionally high salaries serves as a catalyst for  economic growth. They argue that these high earners play a crucial role in the economy by initiating new businesses, pioneering technological advancements , and generating employment opportunities. Additionally, this group believes that such individuals contribute substantially to tax revenues, which can be utilized  to fund public services and welfare programs. Consequently, they advocate for minimal government interference  in the market forces that determine the salaries of different professions.

On the other hand, critics, including myself, argue that government intervention  is the key to curbing income inequality and mitigating associated social issues . They assert that permitting a handful of individuals to accumulate substantial wealth  is unjust, creating a stark divide  between the affluent  and the impoverished . This economic disparity , according to this perspective, could lead to heightened social tensions, increased crime rates, and a surge in violence. Furthermore, critics contend that the wealthy often exert tremendous influence  over certain aspects of society, such as businesses and the media. Advocating for a more regulated approach, they propose implementing salary caps  for top earners and redistributing wealth to address the needs of lower-income groups.

In conclusion, while some argue that allowing unrestricted high salaries encourages economic contributions, I am more aligned with the need for government regulation to foster a fairer and more harmonious society.



  • make ends meet (idiom) = kiếm đủ tiền để sống qua ngày 

  • serve as a catalyst for sth (phrase) = đóng vai trò xúc tác cho cái gì đó

  • pioneer technological advancements (phrase) = tiên phong về tiến bộ công nghệ

  • utilize (v) = sử dụng

  • government interference / intervention (phrase) = sự can thiệp từ chính phủ

  • curb (v) = hạn chế

  • mitigate associated social issues (phrase) = giảm thiểu các vấn đề xã hội liên quan 

  • accumulate substantial wealth (phrase) = tích lũy khối tài sản khổng lồ

  • stark divide (phrase) = sự phân chia rõ rệt

  • the affluent >< the impoverished (phrase) = người giàu >< người nghèo

  • economic disparity (phrase) = bất bình đẳng kinh tế

  • exert tremendous influence (phrase) = tạo ảnh hưởng to lớn 

  • salary cap (phrase) = giới hạn lương 



Personal Opinion: Governments should not allow salaries above a certain level

Body 1: Arguments in favor of huge salaries for a few people

  • Rich people who earn a lot help the economy by starting new businesses, creating new technology, and giving jobs to others

  • They also pay a lot of taxes, which helps the government have money for public services like schools and health programs

Body 2: Arguments against huge salaries for a few people + my personal opinion

  • If only a few people get very rich, it makes a big difference between rich and poor people → social problems like more tension between people, more crime, and sometimes violence

  • Wealthy people can sometimes use their power to control important parts of society, like businesses and the media, which is unfair for everyone


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