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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Happiness (Agree or Disagree Question)

Updated: Nov 15, 2023

Some people think that if a country is already rich, any addition in economic wealth does not make its citizens happier.

Do you agree or disagree? (11/02/2023)


In modern society, as many countries have become affluent thanks to their production and trading activities, some individuals maintain that a rise in domestic material wealth can no longer contribute to public happiness. Even though this viewpoint carries some weight, I believe that any economic gains to a country will promote its citizens’ mental well-being.

Granted , there are several rationales behind the belief that increased material wealth cannot help people become happier. Firstly, the majority of economic gains will likely be owned by the upper classes who play a key role in the national manufacturing and commercial activities. As a consequence, the income inequality between the poor and the wealthy within a country could be aggravated , potentially provoking an outcry among the former. Secondly, employees may be subject to extended working hours, high stress levels or limited leisure time in pursuing and managing greater wealth, all of which are likely to reduce their personal fulfillment.

Nevertheless, I argue that an increase in economic wealth would considerably enhance the mental well-being of the masses for various reasons, one of which is the improved living standards of the underprivileged . Specifically, economic affluence would enable the government to finance essential public services such as food, medicine, transport and education for impoverished individuals, thus contributing to their increased happiness. Furthermore, as the general public acquire more material possessions from economic growth, they can sufficiently provide themselves with basic daily needs like food, accommodation and clothing. This, in turn, can significantly reduce crimes in many less developed regions and further tighten national social security , leading to promoted life satisfaction among citizens.

To conclude, although many claim that the escalating economic affluence of some countries cannot give their people a happier life, I still firmly believe that if a nation becomes wealthier, its citizens can benefit mentally from an improved quality of life and tightened social security.



  • affluent (adj) = giàu có, thịnh vượng

  • domestic material wealth (phrase) = của cải vật chất của một quốc gia

  • economic gain (phrase) = lợi ích kinh tế

  • granted (conjunction) = quả thật, thật vậy

  • rationale (n) = lý do

  • income inequality (phrase) = bất bình đẳng thu nhập

  • aggravate (v) = làm trầm trọng thêm

  • provoke an outcry (phrase) = gây ra sự phản đối

  • be subject to sth (phrase) = bị ảnh hưởng bởi điều gì (thường là ảnh hưởng xấu)

  • the masses / the general public (phrase) = quần chúng

  • the underprivileged (phrase) = những người có hoàn cảnh khó khăn

  • impoverished (adj) = nghèo khó

  • tighten national social security (phrase) = thắt chặt an ninh xã hội quốc gia

  • escalating (adj) = gia tăng



If a country is already rich, any addition in economic wealth does not make its citizens happier + personal opinion: Disagree

Body 1: The reasons why economic gains are not believed to make citizens happier

  • Increased material wealth tends to benefit the upper classes more, leading to a wider wealth gap between the rich and the poor → anger and opposition among poor people

  • Achieving and managing greater wealth often involves longer working hours, high stress levels, and less leisure time → reduced personal happiness

Body 2: The reasons why economic gains are believed to make citizens happier + my personal opinion

  • Economic wealth allows governments to provide essential public services such as food, medicine, transport, and education to the underprivileged → increased happiness among them

  • Economic growth allows the general public to earn more money and meet basic daily needs like food, accommodation, and clothing → reduced crime rates and promoted national social security → greater life satisfaction among citizens


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