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IELTS Writing Task 2 - Family Issues (Cause and Effect question)

Updated: Nov 15, 2023


Nowadays, most children spend less and less time with their parents.

What is the reason for this and what problems can this cause?


SAMPLE ESSAY:


The phenomenon of children receiving insufficient parental attention is becoming more and more common in our modern society. This essay will discuss the causes of this weakened bond between parents and children and its effects on children’s growth.


There are several reasons why modern children tend to spend insufficient time with their parents. One of the primary reasons for this is that many modern families have two working parents. Only when both parents are employed can they build a strong financial foundation for a comfortable life in this costly modern society. In addition, after a hard day at work, parents tend to suffer from fatigue , so they prioritize entertainment and relaxation activities over tending to their children. Understandably, children may experience a sense of alienation from their parents.


A number of problems may stem from this prevalent trend. Undoubtedly, a lack of parental attention can lead to poor child development as the child does not receive enough guidance. Without much family support, a child may fail to meet academic requirements, or even worse, develop insecurity and a fear of abandonment. Besides, children may divert their attention to their peers and activities that give instant gratification such as computer gaming, instead of spending time with their family.


Overall, a dearth of family quality time may be attributed to the trend of working parents and the consequential exhaustion. As for the negative effects, this shift may severely compromise multiple aspects of a child’s development, including their academic performance as well as emotional well-being.



 

VOCABULARY

  • insufficient (adj): không đủ

  • primary (adj): chính yếu

  • suffer from sth (phrase): chịu đựng, trải qua điều gì đó

  • fatigue (n): sự mệt mỏi

  • prioritize (v): ưu tiên

  • tend to somebody (phrasal verb): chăm sóc ai đó

  • a sense of alienation (phrase): cảm giác bị xa lánh

  • prevalent (adj): phổ biến, thịnh hành

  • insecurity (n): sự bất an

  • instant gratification (phrase): sự hài lòng, vui vẻ ngay lập tức



 

STRUCTURES

DOUBLE COMPARISON

more and more + long adjective

E.g:

The phenomenon of children receiving insufficient parental attention is becoming more and more common in our modern society.

INVERSION

Only when S + V can S + V-inf

E.g:

Only when both parents are employed can they build a strong financial foundation for a comfortable life in this costly modern society.



 

BRAINSTORMING

Body 1

reasons why parents do not have enough time with children

  • there are two working parents → earn money for the family → a comfortable life


  • parents are tired from work → need to relax and entertain, not to spend time on their children → children feel lonely



Body 2

problems when parents do not spend enough time with children

● poor child development → poor school performance and psychological problems


● children care about friends and other activities that they think as fun → do not pay attention much to family




 

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